Team: Fernando Paal Fernandes, Helena Obino Linhares, Maria Vittoria Oliveira, Rodrigo Mathias
Colaborators: Luis Strengari (Structure), Raul Aragão (Susteinability) and Marta Ferraz (Hiking and Trekking)
Size: 200 m2
Nepal is known as one of the most interesting countries in the world; a reputation due mainly to its very unique culture, its stunning sights, religion and people. Famously, it is also home to a great variety of distinct landscapes ideally suited to adventure sports - a variety of activities which include trekking, mountain climbing, and ski mountaineering are among the most important sources of income for the Nepalese authorities. That said, the aim of this project is to provide shelter while considering all the peculiarities of Nepalese weather and their vernacular techniques for hikers throughout a journey of intense workout and powerful spiritual connection.
The first approach demands an understanding of Nepal’s weather conditions, geographical limitations, cultural factors and types of construction. Using all these aspects as a premise, the project was developed considering the challenges inherent to building in the mountains. A potential solution is to first transport all building components to the site by helicopter, so as to begin construction in situ. The main material to be used for internal cladding, structure and furniture is wood, combined with stone and sand for the strip foundation beam together with crossed wooden stilts and metal for the external cladding. For the thermal insulation, the use of foam boards is proposed due to its great performance and very light weight. Finally, triple glass with a metallic structure is suggested for the windows so as to prevent extreme weather conditions from being felt indoors.
Conceptually, the shelter combines the importance of the square in the pagoda’s plan - one of the most traditional structures in Nepal’s history - with a village typology that presents itself as pitched roof cottages placed along the central square, so creating a courtyard that is an open air living for when the weather is pleasant.
Retrofit Edifício João Bricola
Size: 20.000 m2 Masterplan and 13.000 m2 the building
Location: São Paulo, Brazil
Study based in two different premises. The first was to understand what are the main aspects that construct the collective memory of a city, and the second was how the existing voids in a very consolidated urban fabric can collaborate in that discussion of maximum occupation of the sites. In the middle of my research, I came across an old department store building that had not been used in 13 years, in the middle of São Paulo’s city center. Coincidentally that building is a well known and part of the city’s memory, as well as a great potential structure for remodeling in the context of reclaiming the city’s center. The building dates from 1932 and was been built in a very rational way – concrete columns, beams and slabs, and a vast range of program possibilities for having this constructive logic. The concept I adopted was to organize different aspects that make the building’s image important, and everything that was not part of that was redone or demolished to adapt it for its new use. The new proposed program is 50 units of social housing, a photography school, and a shop.
1.Initial building envelope as it is today. The building was initially developed to be a shop and the offices for the shop on the upper slab. The volume consists of a solid base that follows the site lines, with a very slim slab on top of it.
2.The slabs of the lower part were pushed down to allow natural light into all floors following the projection of the upper slab because of the change in use. Also, the existing structure is kept with the existing concrete finishing to keep it rough.
3.The creation of three main entrances: one for the retail space access through the front of the building, and the others through a public passageway on the back of the building leading to the housing part and to the school of photography.
4.Part of the upper slab is pushed down, allowing crossed ventilation for the dwellings in the upper slab.
5.The insertion of two new volumes of vertical circulation - and a new slab on the top generating a new collective area for the dwellings.
Size: 10.000 m2
Location: Copenhagen, Denmark
Team: Fernando Paal
Edifício para moradia estudantil
Size: 5.000 m2
Location: Copenhagen, Denmark
The deactivated old Carlsberg factory in the heart of West Copenhagen has gone through massive changes in the past few years with the new master plan proposed by the Danish firm Entasis. New buildings, transformation of existing structures, construction of new public plazas and other complementary programs are breaking ground everyday.
The assignment proposed in school was to choose a site, and develop a housing building that suited the new master plan with all of its complexities and restrictions. The adopted concept in the corner site was to experiment with different ways in which students could live. The task of developing housing for students is quite challenging because all the units must be dynamic, ventilated, illuminated, and fill all of their needs. By that logic, the experiment was to understand how narrow each unit could be while still being effective. The initial module, consisting of 3 meters, gave the project a very hard limitation and therefore the units had to grow vertically.
Generally, bare concrete walls were proposed every 6 meters following the site lines and in direct relation to the constructions on the surroundings. In a second moment, the walls were duplicated to adapt to the module that was in process of being studied (3 meters). Finally, some of the walls were discontinued from the ground generating broader spaces that could easily absorb programs such as reading rooms, collective restaurant, bicycle parking spots, etc.
Pavilhão da cultura Japonesa
Size: 1.000 m2
Location: São Paulo, Brazil
The task was to develop a permanent pavilion as an extension of a park in the neighborhood of Liberdade, in São Paulo. The concept combines Japanese rice paper with its fantastic textures and forms, making it possible to achieve, with the traditional Japanese plan, that bases all the construction around a central pillar - same word for father - and then places the program around it. The central area was formed in between the four different pavilions to create a space that distributes the entrances for the rooms and, in this case, replaces the central pillar.